Abbreviations

AM annual meeting
CPM conflict and prevention management
CSS case study site
FFS farmer field school
FGD focus group discussion
FS food security
FVC food value chain
FVCC food value chain component
GA-RDInet German-Tanzanian Research, Development & Implementation network
HH household
IA impact assessment
OD organisational development
PAR participatory action research
UPS Upgrading strategy
SFF sheets of facts and figures
WS workshop
WP work package
TZ Tanzania

Glossary

ARI research stations In Morogoro region the ARI station is Ilonga. In Dodoma region it is Hombolo and Makatupora
Bioenergy All types of energy derived from biofuels including wood energy and agro-energy
Biofuel Any solid, liquid or gaseous fuel produced from biomass
Case study site (CSS) Village with local market place and surrounding 2-3 villages
Impact assessment Impact assessment is a set of logical steps which helps assess the potential economic, social and environmental impact of specific inputs, options, and changes related to UPS. It provides evidence to involved stakeholders on their advantages and disadvantages.
Food security According to WHO it is defined as existing “when all people at all times have access to sufficient, safe, nutritious food to maintain a healthy and active life”. This includes both physical and economic access to food that meets people's dietary needs as well as their food preferences.
Food value chain (FVC) It is defined as consisting of the following main components: natural resources for food production, primary production, food processing, marketing, consumption
Fuelwood Wood in the rough (such as chips, sawdust and pellets) used for energy generation
GA-RDInet German-Tanzanian R&D&I network
HH survey The central HH survey comprises 2 CSS and one control village capturing each 150 HH for both the regions of Dodoma and Morogoro.
Implementation feasibility This is the ability of research components to be successfully implemented for sustainable use by small-scale farmers.
Innovation Innovation is seen as a continuous cumulative process involving not only radical and incremental innovation but also the diffusion absorption and use of innovation. (Muchie, Mammo; Gammeltoft, Peter and Lundvall, Bengt-Åke 2003: Putting Africa First: The Making of African Innovation Systems. Aalborg University Press. Aalborg)
Stakeholder of the FVC We distinguish between different types of stakeholders: a) stakeholders relevant to food security such as scientists, farmers, traders, policy makers, and other actors; b) primary users/actors along the FVC at grass root level: farmers and pastoralists, processors, millers, stockists, traders, middlemen, transporters, consumers; c) other interested stakeholders along the FVC: organisations, institutions, key informants, policy makers, extension officers, service providers, NGOs, churches, etc. Stakeholder compositions differ depending on the scale level (village, district/regional, national).
Trials At ARI Makatuporo the University of Hohenheim and ARI are conducting trials of 4 crops (Maize, Sorghum, sunflower, rice) under different irrigation regimes simulating the weather gradient from semi-arid (Dodoma) to sub-humid (Morogoro).
Upgrading strategy (UPS) In Trans-SEC this term is used for sets of activities among the FVC components, which improve the food security on village level.
Vulnerable rural poor Vulnerable rural poor are smallholders (small-scale farmers) who hardly exceed levels of self-sufficiency.
Wood fuel Wood fuel is fuel from wood sources including solids (fuel wood and charcoal), liquids (black liquor, methanol, and pyrolitic oil) and gases from the gasification of these fuels.